Summary Galatians 4:1-10
Much of this section was taken up with an extended metaphor about how the Law was our tutor while we were spiritual minors. Then, upon reaching spiritual maturity, faith in Jesus liberated us from the need for a tutor.
Again, a clever metaphor, good rhetoric, and a meaningful message.
The most significant theological issues were the use of the word ‘adoption’, and whether << ἐξαγοράσῃ >> should be translated as ‘redeem’ or simply as ‘purchase’.
Adoption leads us to ask how it was, exactly, that Paul perceived Jesus. He only very rarely mentions Jesus as a person, the historical Jesus; he’s only concerned with Jesus as the Christ. When did Paul see Jesus become the Christ? At birth? Probably not. However, this is an argument that needs to be developed from all of Paul’s authentic letters.
And the redeem/purchase question is a matter of some theological subtlety. In fact, we have to ask if it’s so subtle that there really isn’t a difference. I believe there is, but admit that this may be due to what came later. Paul may have chosen–or coined–the word without a lot of thought.
Posted on October 16, 2012, in epistles, Galatians, Paul's Letters, Summary and tagged Bible, Bible commentary, Bible scholarship, biblical scholarship, commenting, epistles, Galatians, New Testament, religion, St Paul, theology. Bookmark the permalink. 2 Comments.